Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
March 2024
NRA'S Role in Opening the Market to Competition

This report examines the role of national regulatory authorities (NRAs) in promoting market competition in the energy sector, with a particular focus on the development of wholesale markets and the monitoring of electricity and gas markets.
It provides an overview of the relevant European Union (EU) regulatory framework and assesses the extent to which NRAs have implemented these provisions in their respective countries.

The report also identifies best practices that can improve the effectiveness of NRAs in promoting market competition and development, such as enhancing transparency and accountability, improving regulatory capacity, strengthening cooperation among NRAs and promoting stakeholder engagement.

December 2023
Snapshot: Practical Tools to Improve Regulatory Compliance and Competences

Based on our training report on the same subject, this one-page publication illustrates the regulatory powers in action, and provides some tools used in our member countries to improve regulatory compliance. It also invites energy regulators to harness the full potential of newly developed regulations to promote the integration of renewable energy sources, and to accelerate the establishment of the grid of the future, increasing consumer protection, energy security and environmental sustainability.

October 2023
Training report on the Implementation of Regulations: From Legislative Frameworks to Tools of Policy Execution

Based on the MEDREG training titled “Implementation of Regulations: From Legislative Frameworks to Tools of Policy Execution” which took place in Paris in October 2023, this report explores the challenges and opportunities of implementing energy regulations.
It examines the use of sanctions and incentives and focuses on specific strategies that the regulators can deploy to promote the development of renewable energy sources. It also offers an understanding on the power of regulators and their ablility to enforce compliance through sanctions along with the best practices for handling complaints.
In addition, the report provides some hints on how to enhance regulatory compliance through the use of adequate monitoring tools and how to embrace the texts and the tools to increase the competences.

12 September 2023
Message from the Secretariat to our Moroccan Colleagues

We express our most sincere thoughts to the Moroccan people
and to our dearest colleagues from ANRE - The Moroccan Electricity Regulatory Authority - for the tragic earthquake which struck the country
on Friday 8th September.
Our deepest and heartfelt prayers go to the ones who lost their life
and to their families.

September 2023
Report on the 3rd MEDREG Presidents’ Workshop

This report covers the discussions held in the MEDREG’s 3rd Presidents' Workshop titled "The Role of a Coherent Regulation in Promoting Energy Transition in the Mediterranean Region" in June 2023.
The workshop explored topics such as renewable energy integration, energy efficiency, cross-border interconnections, and regulatory harmonisation.
This report provides an overview of the workshop proceedings, key insights, and recommendations that emerged from the discussions, aiming to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on promoting sustainable energy transition in the Mediterranean.

May 2023
High-level Workshop Report on The Role of Regional Organisations in Promoting Coherent Regulation to Accelerate the Energy Transition

This report is a summary of a workshop which took place on 30 November 2022 in Cairo (Egypt), and which explored the role of regional organisations to accelerate the energy transition while ensuring the security of supply.
Drawing on insights from experts from regional organisations, the energy industry, academia, and civil society, the report examines the challenges and opportunities facing regional organisations in designing and implementing regulatory frameworks for sustainable energy systems that can one day tackle the energy transition. Key themes that emerged from the discussions include the need for clear and consistent policy frameworks, stakeholder engagement, innovation and technology, and the potential for regional collaboration.

March 2023
Rules Against Conflict of Interest

This document assesses the rules regarding conflict of interest (COI) in the electricity and gas market in the Mediterranean region.
It is based on MEDREG’s case studies, which describe the implementation of the rules and plans to manage conflict of interest situations within the national regulatory authority (NRAs) and within the Transmission System Operators and Distribution System Operators.

March 2023
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook – 2022

This document presents the third edition of the Mediterranean outlook, which monitors the evolution of the regulatory framework applied to the energy sector, every two years.
The report provides a complete overview about how the national energy sectors are ruled, ranging from independent entities to governmental bodies. Each regulator is analysed according to several dimensions, such as legal status, independence, competences, internal organisation, enforcement, transparency, and accountability. These features are directly linked to the good regulatory principles defined by MEDREG Members which support the development and reinforcement of convergent national regulations, likely to create a fertile environment for investments, competitiveness, and consumer protection.

13 February 2023
Condolences message to the people who were affected by the earthquakes

The MEDREG Family is deeply saddened by the extensive casualties and injuries sustained, as a result of the devastating earthquakes occured last Monday.


Our condolences go to the families and loved ones of those who lost their lives or were injured, and our thoughts are with all citizens of the region affected.


We stand in solidarity with our Turkish member, the Energy Market Regulatory Authority EMRA, through our support to its President Mustafa Yilmaz and all his colleagues, in these tragic circumstances.


With sincere sympathy,



December 2022
Workshop Report on Regulatory Outlook

This report summarises the discussions and main conclusions of a workshop held in Milan in October 2022 that presented the evolution of the Mediterranean Regulatory outlook.

It includes the contributions of speakers from our Institutional Working Group (INS WG), and from MEDREG’s partners such as Med-TSO, ENEL and REPOWER Italia, which broaden the scope of the discussion, providing the perspectives of TSOs and investors.

January 2023
Snapshots of Regulatory Outlook Workshop

This short publication offers some snapshots of the discussions held in the workshop on the Mediterranean Regulatory outlook held in Milan in October 2022.

Shorter than the Workshop Report, it provides the perspectives of regulators, TSOs, market operators and investors on the role of energy regulators for the development of the electricity and gas markets, the energy transition, and the regional market integration.

1 December 2022
Speech of Abdellatif Bardach, MEDREG President
After his election as President of MEDREG on 1 December 2022, Mr. Abdellatif Bardach addressed the General Assembly with a speech in which he shared his vision and priorities for our organisation for the next 2 years.
November 2022
2nd MEDREG Presidents Workshop Report
This report provides the main takeaways of MEDREG’s 2nd Presidents’ Workshop held in Marrakech in June 2022, which debated ways of achieving a “Coherent Regulation to Accelerate the Energy Transition Under Security of Supply Concerns”.
This report also presents the energy strategies shared during the workshop and how they can be adopted to ensure the security of supply for the region.
July 2022
ICER Chronicle’s Edition 12 “Dive Into Disruption” is Out
The editorial team of the ICER Chronicle, a publication of the International Confederation of Energy Regulators, is pleased to announce the release of the Summer issue!

The complete issue is ready for you to download now!
March 2022
Study on the interlink between good regulatory principles and the energy transformation challenge
This document presents a study on the relation between the good regulatory principles and the challenges arising with the energy transition, in the light of MEDREG’s 2020 regulatory outlook, which analyses the characteristics of each National Regulatory Authority (NRA). NRAs having similar characteristics are categorised into clusters and within them, a comparison of the state of development of the energy transformation is proposed. Furthermore, this new report identifies the coming challenges for the clusters and provides recommendations based on the lessons learned from the more developed regulators.
30 March 2021
The competences of Mediterranean energy regulators and their role in the market
Our Digital Card aims to highlight the approach, main findings and recommendations described in the INS WG Report “Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook.” The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an update on the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin in 2020. It aims to provide a useful insight to Mediterranean regulators regarding the role and tasks of their fellow regulators in neighbouring countries so that they can improve their approaches and practices. It also introduces consolidated and updated information to stakeholders and potential investors regarding the role of regulators in new investments.
March 2021
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook
The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an analysis of the trajectory of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin during the past years. The report also compares the results with the 2016 version of the Outlook. In this way, it highlights the recommendations and good practices that can be followed by the countries in the region. The main aspects where there have been improvements are in the areas of Independence, Marketing Opening and Monitoring, Unbundling, Consumer Protection and Energy Transition. In order to provide an adequate general perspective, the document also analyses the way national energy sectors, including independent entities as well as governmental bodies, manage the regulation of the sector. In this sense, MEDREG will continue to support its members on the path towards a compatible, transparent and versatile regulatory framework designed to address the new era, always aiming towards realising a future energy community of the Mediterranean.
May 2020
Regulatory measures to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak in the Mediterranean region
During the COVID-19 outbreak, each government took measures to ensure the safety and health of the population.Unfortunately, the virus continues to spread worldwide, and the measures were extended to suspend all activities except the necessary ones such as food supply chains and pharmacies. These measures have had direct repercussions on all energy markets of the Mediterranean region. This paper presents the measures taken by the MEDREG member countries and how each regulator and government adopted measures to keep the continuity of supply and reduce the economic impact on consumers and on market actors (namely, in the wholesale market, network operators and suppliers). The report is based on information received from 17 MEDREG members regarding the measures taken during the COVID-19 outbreak to support the energy sector and to ensure the security and quality of supply to the consumers. Given the rapidly evolving situation in each country, the information reflects those measures adopted.
December 2018
Support to the evaluation of a net metering system in Palestine
This document, elaborated under the guidance of the MEDREG Renewable Working Group (RES WG), has the scope to support the Palestinian regulator PERC in evaluating the possibility to establish a net metering system in the country, based on the legal documents already issued on this topic. First, the report describes the role of net metering in the electricity grids through the presentation of several international experiences. Then, the legal and technical situation of Palestine in relation to net metering application is analysed in detail, providing highlights on the technical and economic impact that net metering could have on the Palestinian grid. Finally, recommendations on the regulatory, economic procedural, technical and capacity development steps to be taken in order to implement net metering in Palestine are provided.
December 2018
Peer Review to the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Commission (EMRC) on electricity licensing procedures
This document seeks to support the Jordanian regulator on the topic of electricity licensing procedures. The peer review report analyses the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Commission according to the six Good Regulatory Principles of MEDREG (independence, competences, enforcement, internal organization, transparency and accountability) and issues recommendations to be implemented by the Jordanian regulator on a voluntary basis to better carry out the implementation of electricity licensing procedures in Jordan.
June 2018
Booklet on the Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook 2017
Based on the Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook 2017, which is a major report published by MEDREG in January 2018 informing about the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin, this booklet provides a summary of its main findings in a reader-friendly format
It highlights the trends drawn from the data collected, and contains fact sheets about MEDREG members’ regulatory status, features and powers. A short conclusion for each of the regulatory authority is also proposed as a take away point.
This pedagogical publication aims at enabling MEDREG’s members, external partners and energy stakeholders to find out at a glance about the state of play of energy regulation in the Mediterranean countries.
January 2018
MEDREG Regulatory Outlook
Based on data collected from 20 Mediterranean energy regulatory authorities and ministries, the Energy Regulatory Outlook presents the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin and aims to provide a complete overview about how the national energy sectors are ruled, ranging from independent entities to governmental bodies. Each regulator is analyzed according to a number of dimensions (such as independence, organization, transparency and accountability). 

The report shows that most Mediterranean regulators are independent and empowered entities working to support the opening of the energy markets and mandated to define tariffs, issue binding decisions and sanction sector participants. However, the report indicates that in some countries the role and competences of the regulator could benefit from clarification and improvement in terms of tariff definition, dispute settlement between industry and customers and the protection of vulnerable consumers.
June 2015
INS WG - Peer Review Process Methodology
The Institutional Working Group (INS WG) finalized the first Peer Review Process (PRP) methodology for the MEDREG member countries. The aim of the peer review is to provide a set of recommendations for the implementation of the Good Regulatory Principles defined by MEDREG. On the basis of this report, national Regulators will be peer reviewed by other MEDREG Regulators who will assess their compliance to the shared principles, suggest appropriate measures to be taken, as well as general recommendations on the implementation of the Good Regulatory Principles. The PRP methodology described in the report could allow the achievement of two Peer Reviews each year with a continuous and adaptive tuning.
November 2014
Guidelines for MEDREG’s Dialogue with External Partners
The 16th GA endorsed a first set of general principles for the external dialogue including different forms of cooperation and stressing the need to preserve MEDREG’s independence. The INS WG has therefore developed guidelines for MEDREG’s cooperation with external partners laying down some basic principles for a more structured and even more efficient external dialogue. This Guidelines define the different dimensions of external relations, the objectives and forms of cooperation to be implemented, safeguarding the principles of independence, confidentiality and internal coordination.
November 2014
Promotion of the dialogue with external Partners
The Institutional Working Group (INS WG) made the first note on the state of play regarding MEDREG’s external relations. The aim of this note is to have a clear picture of what has happened over the past 2 years and provide an overview on what remains to be done. This note provides with a clear picture of MEDREG’s current external relations with: the European Commission, other regulatory associations, regional industrial associations, research institutions and financial institutions. MEDREG is also focusing on the development of its relations with Mediterranean countries which are not yet members of the Association or undergo temporary difficulties for different reasons.
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