Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
March 2023
Rules Against Conflict of Interest

This document assesses the rules regarding conflict of interest (COI) in the electricity and gas market in the Mediterranean region.
It is based on MEDREG’s case studies, which describe the implementation of the rules and plans to manage conflict of interest situations within the national regulatory authority (NRAs) and within the Transmission System Operators and Distribution System Operators.

March 2023
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook – 2022

This document presents the third edition of the Mediterranean outlook, which monitors the evolution of the regulatory framework applied to the energy sector, every two years.
The report provides a complete overview about how the national energy sectors are ruled, ranging from independent entities to governmental bodies. Each regulator is analysed according to several dimensions, such as legal status, independence, competences, internal organisation, enforcement, transparency, and accountability. These features are directly linked to the good regulatory principles defined by MEDREG Members which support the development and reinforcement of convergent national regulations, likely to create a fertile environment for investments, competitiveness, and consumer protection.

13 February 2023
Condolences message to the people who were affected by the earthquakes

The MEDREG Family is deeply saddened by the extensive casualties and injuries sustained, as a result of the devastating earthquakes occured last Monday.


Our condolences go to the families and loved ones of those who lost their lives or were injured, and our thoughts are with all citizens of the region affected.


We stand in solidarity with our Turkish member, the Energy Market Regulatory Authority EMRA, through our support to its President Mustafa Yilmaz and all his colleagues, in these tragic circumstances.


With sincere sympathy,



December 2022
Workshop Report on Regulatory Outlook

This report summarises the discussions and main conclusions of a workshop held in Milan in October 2022 that presented the evolution of the Mediterranean Regulatory outlook.

It includes the contributions of speakers from our Institutional Working Group (INS WG), and from MEDREG’s partners such as Med-TSO, ENEL and REPOWER Italia, which broaden the scope of the discussion, providing the perspectives of TSOs and investors.

January 2023
Snapshots of Regulatory Outlook Workshop

This short publication offers some snapshots of the discussions held in the workshop on the Mediterranean Regulatory outlook held in Milan in October 2022.

Shorter than the Workshop Report, it provides the perspectives of regulators, TSOs, market operators and investors on the role of energy regulators for the development of the electricity and gas markets, the energy transition, and the regional market integration.

1 December 2022
Speech of Abdellatif Bardach, MEDREG President
After his election as President of MEDREG on 1 December 2022, Mr. Abdellatif Bardach addressed the General Assembly with a speech in which he shared his vision and priorities for our organisation for the next 2 years.
November 2022
2nd MEDREG Presidents Workshop Report
This report provides the main takeaways of MEDREG’s 2nd Presidents’ Workshop held in Marrakech in June 2022, which debated ways of achieving a “Coherent Regulation to Accelerate the Energy Transition Under Security of Supply Concerns”.
This report also presents the energy strategies shared during the workshop and how they can be adopted to ensure the security of supply for the region.
July 2022
ICER Chronicle’s Edition 12 “Dive Into Disruption” is Out
The editorial team of the ICER Chronicle, a publication of the International Confederation of Energy Regulators, is pleased to announce the release of the Summer issue!

The complete issue is ready for you to download now!
March 2022
Study on the interlink between good regulatory principles and the energy transformation challenge
This document presents a study on the relation between the good regulatory principles and the challenges arising with the energy transition, in the light of MEDREG’s 2020 regulatory outlook, which analyses the characteristics of each National Regulatory Authority (NRA). NRAs having similar characteristics are categorised into clusters and within them, a comparison of the state of development of the energy transformation is proposed. Furthermore, this new report identifies the coming challenges for the clusters and provides recommendations based on the lessons learned from the more developed regulators.
30 March 2021
The competences of Mediterranean energy regulators and their role in the market
Our Digital Card aims to highlight the approach, main findings and recommendations described in the INS WG Report “Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook.” The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an update on the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin in 2020. It aims to provide a useful insight to Mediterranean regulators regarding the role and tasks of their fellow regulators in neighbouring countries so that they can improve their approaches and practices. It also introduces consolidated and updated information to stakeholders and potential investors regarding the role of regulators in new investments.
March 2021
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook
The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an analysis of the trajectory of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin during the past years. The report also compares the results with the 2016 version of the Outlook. In this way, it highlights the recommendations and good practices that can be followed by the countries in the region. The main aspects where there have been improvements are in the areas of Independence, Marketing Opening and Monitoring, Unbundling, Consumer Protection and Energy Transition. In order to provide an adequate general perspective, the document also analyses the way national energy sectors, including independent entities as well as governmental bodies, manage the regulation of the sector. In this sense, MEDREG will continue to support its members on the path towards a compatible, transparent and versatile regulatory framework designed to address the new era, always aiming towards realising a future energy community of the Mediterranean.
May 2020
Regulatory measures to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak in the Mediterranean region
During the COVID-19 outbreak, each government took measures to ensure the safety and health of the population.Unfortunately, the virus continues to spread worldwide, and the measures were extended to suspend all activities except the necessary ones such as food supply chains and pharmacies. These measures have had direct repercussions on all energy markets of the Mediterranean region. This paper presents the measures taken by the MEDREG member countries and how each regulator and government adopted measures to keep the continuity of supply and reduce the economic impact on consumers and on market actors (namely, in the wholesale market, network operators and suppliers). The report is based on information received from 17 MEDREG members regarding the measures taken during the COVID-19 outbreak to support the energy sector and to ensure the security and quality of supply to the consumers. Given the rapidly evolving situation in each country, the information reflects those measures adopted.
December 2018
Support to the evaluation of a net metering system in Palestine
This document, elaborated under the guidance of the MEDREG Renewable Working Group (RES WG), has the scope to support the Palestinian regulator PERC in evaluating the possibility to establish a net metering system in the country, based on the legal documents already issued on this topic. First, the report describes the role of net metering in the electricity grids through the presentation of several international experiences. Then, the legal and technical situation of Palestine in relation to net metering application is analysed in detail, providing highlights on the technical and economic impact that net metering could have on the Palestinian grid. Finally, recommendations on the regulatory, economic procedural, technical and capacity development steps to be taken in order to implement net metering in Palestine are provided.
December 2018
Peer Review to the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Commission (EMRC) on electricity licensing procedures
This document seeks to support the Jordanian regulator on the topic of electricity licensing procedures. The peer review report analyses the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Commission according to the six Good Regulatory Principles of MEDREG (independence, competences, enforcement, internal organization, transparency and accountability) and issues recommendations to be implemented by the Jordanian regulator on a voluntary basis to better carry out the implementation of electricity licensing procedures in Jordan.
June 2018
Booklet on the Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook 2017
Based on the Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook 2017, which is a major report published by MEDREG in January 2018 informing about the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin, this booklet provides a summary of its main findings in a reader-friendly format
It highlights the trends drawn from the data collected, and contains fact sheets about MEDREG members’ regulatory status, features and powers. A short conclusion for each of the regulatory authority is also proposed as a take away point.
This pedagogical publication aims at enabling MEDREG’s members, external partners and energy stakeholders to find out at a glance about the state of play of energy regulation in the Mediterranean countries.
January 2018
MEDREG Regulatory Outlook
Based on data collected from 20 Mediterranean energy regulatory authorities and ministries, the Energy Regulatory Outlook presents the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin and aims to provide a complete overview about how the national energy sectors are ruled, ranging from independent entities to governmental bodies. Each regulator is analyzed according to a number of dimensions (such as independence, organization, transparency and accountability). 

The report shows that most Mediterranean regulators are independent and empowered entities working to support the opening of the energy markets and mandated to define tariffs, issue binding decisions and sanction sector participants. However, the report indicates that in some countries the role and competences of the regulator could benefit from clarification and improvement in terms of tariff definition, dispute settlement between industry and customers and the protection of vulnerable consumers.
June 2015
INS WG - Peer Review Process Methodology
The Institutional Working Group (INS WG) finalized the first Peer Review Process (PRP) methodology for the MEDREG member countries. The aim of the peer review is to provide a set of recommendations for the implementation of the Good Regulatory Principles defined by MEDREG. On the basis of this report, national Regulators will be peer reviewed by other MEDREG Regulators who will assess their compliance to the shared principles, suggest appropriate measures to be taken, as well as general recommendations on the implementation of the Good Regulatory Principles. The PRP methodology described in the report could allow the achievement of two Peer Reviews each year with a continuous and adaptive tuning.
November 2014
Guidelines for MEDREG’s Dialogue with External Partners
The 16th GA endorsed a first set of general principles for the external dialogue including different forms of cooperation and stressing the need to preserve MEDREG’s independence. The INS WG has therefore developed guidelines for MEDREG’s cooperation with external partners laying down some basic principles for a more structured and even more efficient external dialogue. This Guidelines define the different dimensions of external relations, the objectives and forms of cooperation to be implemented, safeguarding the principles of independence, confidentiality and internal coordination.
November 2014
Promotion of the dialogue with external Partners
The Institutional Working Group (INS WG) made the first note on the state of play regarding MEDREG’s external relations. The aim of this note is to have a clear picture of what has happened over the past 2 years and provide an overview on what remains to be done. This note provides with a clear picture of MEDREG’s current external relations with: the European Commission, other regulatory associations, regional industrial associations, research institutions and financial institutions. MEDREG is also focusing on the development of its relations with Mediterranean countries which are not yet members of the Association or undergo temporary difficulties for different reasons.
November 2014
Good Regulatory principles in the Mediterranean Countries
The Institutional Working Group (INS WG) has updated the Benchmarking Report on the competences of national energy regulators. The INS WG identified the principles of good regulation, assessing the existing structure and governance of the MEDREG Member regulators, and the future developments to be expected. The aim of this work is to contribute to the development of a more independent and solid governance model by assessing the current situation of each regulator and helping identify scope for improvement. The definitions consider the main requirements to be applied in order to ensure an independent, empowered and well-functioning regulator, carrying out its mission in a transparent and accountable manner. The glossary focused on the following governance principles: Independence, Competences, Effective internal organisation, Enforcement, Transparency and Accountability.
July 2014
Cycle de seminaires MEDREG-IMME
A l’issue du cycle de séminaires organisés par MEDREG dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre du Plan d’Actions IMME 2010-2015, les recommandations préconisées par les régulateurs portent sur cinq thèmes considérés comme prioritaires, dont la mise en œuvre est prévue sur la période 2015-2020.

1. Organiser et garantir les competences des regulateurs
2. Adopter de regles harmonisees pour les interconnexions transfrontalieres
3. Eliminer progressivement les subventions a l’energie et assurer la protection des consommateurs
4. Structurer un marche de l’electricite integre et durable
5. Sisposer d’outils fiables pour dessiner des scenarios de developpement
November 2013
Comparison between the 2008 Recommendation Report and the Updated Regulatory Benchmarking Report 2012
This is the first update of the regulatory benchmarking report carried out in 2007/2008. The aim of this document is to complete the 2012 benchmarking report on regulatory competences by comparing the observed changes with the set of recommendations that have been identified in 2008, to evaluate to which extent regulatory authorities have followed and shared these recommendations. The report notices that there was an enlargement in the fields of intervention of regulators. Best practices increased, particularly concerning the appointment and management of human resources directly performed by regulators.
November 2013
Benchmarking report
MEDREG Working Group on Institutional Issues performed an update of its 2008 regulatory benchmarking. The report evaluates changes that occurred since the last report and evaluates to which extent recommendations have been followed by MEDREG members.
November 2012
Evaluation of Responses - Questionnaire on Dispute Settlement
At the 10th (INS AG) meeting in 2011, it was decided to analyse existing or planned mechanisms to settle disputes regarding access to and use of electricity and gas networks. A questionnaire was sent to INS members with the aim to deliver a state of play on the functioning and role of the national dispute settlement mechanisms. Based on the result of this survey, recommendations can be elaborated in order to improve access to and use of electricity and gas networks
November 2008
Competencies of Regulators
Analyzing the answers to the 187 items of the Regulatory Benchmarking Questionnaire, some essential principles can be identified as already shared characteristics for a significant number of Mediterranean regulators. These common principles cover a broad range of issues directly related to the very definition and role of regulators (see table below). However, diverging issues remain as regards organizational and functional criteria. The main points are related to differences in the level of autonomy devoted to regulators, especially regarding the sharing of the missions and competencies with governmental bodies.
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