Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
12 September 2023
Message from the Secretariat to our Moroccan Colleagues

We express our most sincere thoughts to the Moroccan people
and to our dearest colleagues from ANRE - The Moroccan Electricity Regulatory Authority - for the tragic earthquake which struck the country
on Friday 8th September.
Our deepest and heartfelt prayers go to the ones who lost their life
and to their families.

September 2023
Report on the 3rd MEDREG Presidents’ Workshop

This report covers the discussions held in the MEDREG’s 3rd Presidents' Workshop titled "The Role of a Coherent Regulation in Promoting Energy Transition in the Mediterranean Region" in June 2023.
The workshop explored topics such as renewable energy integration, energy efficiency, cross-border interconnections, and regulatory harmonisation.
This report provides an overview of the workshop proceedings, key insights, and recommendations that emerged from the discussions, aiming to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on promoting sustainable energy transition in the Mediterranean.

June 2023
Annual Report 2022

This Annual Report informs about the activities undertaken in 2022, a year marked by surging energy prices and energy security risks in a context of geopolitical crisis.
Last year, our members showed their capacity of adaptation and responsiveness to maintain the stability and the functioning of the energy markets in the Mediterranean region, while keeping the decarbonation of the energy sector high in their agenda. 

2022 saw a reinforcement of the status and independence of the regulators, while Southern members harnessed synergies with fellow members to enhance their energy markets. Efforts were pursued to maximise the use of gas interconnections and tackle energy losses.

Furthermore, renewable gases, energy storage and demand management became important topics of studies and exchanges among our members on their quest to promote low carbon new technologies and renewable energy sources.

June 2023
President’s Message from 2022 Annual Report

In his introductive message of our 2022 Annual Report, President Abellatif Bardach presents his vision of the recent developments and his priorities to respond to the evolving trends of the energy sector, with a focus on a reinforced collaboration with stakeholders and the deployment of new technologies.

May 2023
High-level Workshop Report on The Role of Regional Organisations in Promoting Coherent Regulation to Accelerate the Energy Transition

This report is a summary of a workshop which took place on 30 November 2022 in Cairo (Egypt), and which explored the role of regional organisations to accelerate the energy transition while ensuring the security of supply.
Drawing on insights from experts from regional organisations, the energy industry, academia, and civil society, the report examines the challenges and opportunities facing regional organisations in designing and implementing regulatory frameworks for sustainable energy systems that can one day tackle the energy transition. Key themes that emerged from the discussions include the need for clear and consistent policy frameworks, stakeholder engagement, innovation and technology, and the potential for regional collaboration.

April 2023
MEDREG’s Action Plan 2023-2025

This document presents the deliverables planned for the 3-year period 2023-2025. They have been designed in line with the organisation’s strategy and objective to gradually establish an integrated and interoperated Euro-Mediterranean energy market with sound and harmonized regulatory frameworks.


Fostering institutional exchange, peer-to-peer support, exchange of know-how and capacity-building, the Action Plan foresees a wide range of activities meant to reinforce our members’ regulatory capacity in light of their specific needs.


Acknowledging the fact that regulators are called to adapt their response and scope of action to the energy transition and fast-changing environment, this Action Plan proposes an enlarged toolbox of support activities.


Taking the form of technical reports, study visits, workshops, or trainings, our support activities will launch and reinforce specific initiatives on topics that have recently raised our members’ attention and interest, notably relating to technological change, hydrogen, cybersecurity, interoperability of networks, energy poverty and energy prices.

March 2023
Rules Against Conflict of Interest

This document assesses the rules regarding conflict of interest (COI) in the electricity and gas market in the Mediterranean region.
It is based on MEDREG’s case studies, which describe the implementation of the rules and plans to manage conflict of interest situations within the national regulatory authority (NRAs) and within the Transmission System Operators and Distribution System Operators.

March 2023
Mediterranean Electricity Markets Observatory – MEMO+

Since 2007, the Mediterranean Electricity Market Observatory (MEMO) monitors every two years the evolution of national, sub-regional, and regional electricity markets.
This edition provides updated national data, explores the RES integration challenges, and analyses data exchange and information. It includes indicators which assess the national priorities in Mediterranean countries and their potential to be a part of the integrated sub-regional and regional electricity markets.

March 2023
Cross-Border Coordination for Interconnection Capacity Development

This report follows the 2020 GAS WG report on “Design mechanism for gas market to foster energy transition”, which initiated the discussion on the future role of natural gas in the energy transition by providing further flexibility to the energy market and system.
It enriches the previous edition with in-depth analysis of the cross-border interconnection in the region.

March 2023
Future Role of Renewable Gases

This document describes the level of development of renewable gases in the Mediterranean region, providing an overview of the regulatory framework and the energy strategy of the countries applied to hydrogen and biogases. The report also informs about the existing and planned projects in the region, and the support mechanisms that are in place or are planned to be established.

March 2023
Update on Technical and Non-Technical Losses

This report, which follows a previous study on the subject conducted in 2019, analyses how countries define power losses, how they calculate them and how they distinguish them.
It provides state of the art techniques to calculate and distinguish the loss types. It also informs on the efforts made by some Mediterranean countries towards reducing the losses, featuring some of the best practices in the region, as provided by our members.

In addition, the study analyses the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the losses, especially at the distribution level, which differs from country to country.

March 2023
Price Surge and Security of Supply

Elaborated by a Task Force set-up by our Electricity Working Group to respond to the energy crisis, this report describes the recent gas and electricity price dynamics and presents an analysis of the impact of the price surge on the various energy markets of Mediterranean countries.

The analysis is complemented by further reflections on the challenges posed by the crisis for both the European Union and developing countries in the Mediterranean.

March 2023
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook – 2022

This document presents the third edition of the Mediterranean outlook, which monitors the evolution of the regulatory framework applied to the energy sector, every two years.
The report provides a complete overview about how the national energy sectors are ruled, ranging from independent entities to governmental bodies. Each regulator is analysed according to several dimensions, such as legal status, independence, competences, internal organisation, enforcement, transparency, and accountability. These features are directly linked to the good regulatory principles defined by MEDREG Members which support the development and reinforcement of convergent national regulations, likely to create a fertile environment for investments, competitiveness, and consumer protection.

February 2023
Digital card - Delivering the Energy Transition with Infrastructure Investments, Network Remuneration, and Tariffs

This pedagogical publication is based on our Training Report on that subject.


With a short and visual format, it offers information on some of the main regulatory factors to drive the energy transition and advance the energy sector: infrastructure investment, network remuneration and setting of fair and cost-reflective tariffs.

13 February 2023
Condolences message to the people who were affected by the earthquakes

The MEDREG Family is deeply saddened by the extensive casualties and injuries sustained, as a result of the devastating earthquakes occured last Monday.


Our condolences go to the families and loved ones of those who lost their lives or were injured, and our thoughts are with all citizens of the region affected.


We stand in solidarity with our Turkish member, the Energy Market Regulatory Authority EMRA, through our support to its President Mustafa Yilmaz and all his colleagues, in these tragic circumstances.


With sincere sympathy,



January 2023
Training Report - Infrastructure Investments, Network Remuneration, and Tariffs

Based on our training on “Infrastructure Investments, Network Remuneration, and Tariffs” that took place in October 2022 in Milan (Italy), this report tackles these three pillars that are crucial to the advancement of the energy sector and to drive the energy transition.

It gives an overview on the topics that were discussed during the training and comprises the contributions of several international speakers from MEDREG regulators and collaborating entities specialised in their fields.

January 2023
Digital card - Energy Storage and Demand Management: The Example of Portugal

This pedagogical publication is based on our Portuguese Study Visit Report entitled “Exploring Energy Storage and Demand Management”. It presents the regulatory policies and trends on these important topics, with a focus on Portugal, through summarised and schematic information.

January 2023
Infographic - Using Energy Regulation to Serve Climate Obligations

This pedagogical publication is based on our “Training Report: Climate Obligations, Environmental Standards, and Regulations”. It translates the complex subjects of renewable energy, energy efficiency, buyer power, the role of natural gas and hydrogen, technology innovation and electric mobility, into accessible concepts. It also highlights the role of regulators and MEDREG’s action to reduce the environmental damage.

December 2022
Training Report Climate Obligations, Environmental Standards, and Regulations

This technical report intends to provide a better understanding to our members of how environmental and climate change matters are intertwined with their daily regulatory work as well as what is expected from regulators in terms of contribution to the ongoing efforts to reduce the carbon footprint.

Based on our training on “Climate Obligations, Environmental Standards, and Regulations” that took place in Tirana (Albania) in May 2022, the report comprises the contributions of several international speakers specialised in their fields and of energy regulators’ representatives from different Mediterranean countries.

December 2022
Workshop Report on “Digitalisation and Cybersecurity”

This report summarises the contents presented during the workshop on "Digitalisation and Cybersecurity", which took place in December 2022 under the leadership of our Consumers Working Group (CUS WG). The report addresses the role of digitalisation in the electricity and gas markets and provides insights on cybersecurity codes and procedures of handling cyber-attacks.

December 2022
Workshop Report on “Regulators’ Support to Consumer Protection”

This report summarises the knowledge shared in a workshop held in Milan in October 2022. In addition to national case studies from our members (Albania, Algeria, Egypt, and Spain), the contents benefit from the contributions of Next Energy Consumer, and of CEER and ECRB on regional perspectives and ongoing activities related to consumer protection.

December 2022
Workshop Report on “Cross Border Coordination for Interconnection Capacity Development”

This report summarises the discussions held in a workshop held in October 2022 in Milan which addressed cross-border cooperation for interconnection capacity development and the future role of natural gas in the energy market.

December 2022
Workshop Report on Regulatory Outlook

This report summarises the discussions and main conclusions of a workshop held in Milan in October 2022 that presented the evolution of the Mediterranean Regulatory outlook.

It includes the contributions of speakers from our Institutional Working Group (INS WG), and from MEDREG’s partners such as Med-TSO, ENEL and REPOWER Italia, which broaden the scope of the discussion, providing the perspectives of TSOs and investors.

January 2023
Study Visit - Report Exploring Energy Storage and Demand Management

This document highlights the main questions and possible answers that characterise energy storage and demand side management in the Portuguese energy sector, focusing on the role played by the regulator in implementing and monitoring it.

Based on our study visit to the Portuguese energy regulator ERSE on “Energy Storage and Demand Management” that took place in Lisbon (Portugal) in July 2022, the report comprises the contributions of ERSE’s experts, and of energy regulators’ representatives from different southern Mediterranean countries.

December 2022
Workshop Report on Security of Supply and Adequacy Mechanisms

This report summarises the discussions and conclusions of a workshop on “Security of Supply and Adequacy Mechanisms” led by our Electricity Working Group (ELE WG) in October 2022 in Milan.

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