Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
November 2020
Empowering Mediterranean Regulators for a common energy future
The infographic provides a comprehensive overview of MEDREG’s concrete achievements during the period 2018-2020, detailing the milestones reached and showing how MEDREG upscaled the scope and reach of its activity. The document also provides an outlook on the support provided to some of the countries involved in the project and shows Working Groups’ activity outreach.
November 2020
MEDREG’s 2021-2022 Action Plan
MEDREG’s 2021-2022 Action Plan presents MEDREG’s deliverables and technical support to the members that focus on improving the regional and subregional cooperation in the Euro-Mediterranean region by providing a greater compatibility of the energy markets and legislations and seeking progressive market integration, based on secure, safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable energy systems. It also lists the tailor made trainings and activities planned for each working group and our active participation in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) Energy Platforms for the next two years.
4 September 2020
Renewable Energy in Palestine
The article provides an overview of the electricity market in Palestine and of the role of the regulator in strengthening competition, and preventing the forging of monopolies by working as a key player to stimulate investment in renewable energy. An insight is also provided on policies currently in place to increase investments, which include special tariffs, net metering and the construction of energy substations through direct offers or competitive bids, while highlighting the main challenges related to the implementation of these policies.

Author: Hamdi Refat S. Tahboub, CEO of the Palestinian Electricity Regulatory Council (PERC) and co-chair of MEDREG Electricity Working Group
Published on "This Week in Palestine", Issue n°269, September 2020
July 2020
Overview of Unbundling regimes - the Portuguese case
"Overview of unbundling regimes and organizational models of the transmission and distribution networks in the power market and the Portuguese case"
Author: Mr. José Francisco Veiga, Legal Department at the Portuguese Energy Services Regulatory Authority (ERSE)
This paper was created as a supporting reading material for the training that MEDREG organized in June 2020 on “Unbundling and Third-Party Access in gas and electricity markets: economic principles, design and effective implementation”. MEDREG wishes to thank Mr. José Francisco Veiga for preparing this report to the benefit of the whole MEDREG community.
June 2020
Annual Report 2019
2019's edition of MEDREG Annual Report reaffirms MEDREG's strategy to offer support tailored to the needs of its Members. This approach allows the provision of concrete solutions in tackling actual issues that member regulators face daily. During last year, MEDREG continued to provide support to Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Palestine to reinforce energy cooperation, market monitoring and fair competition, improving energy sustainability and access to renewable energy sources.

In addition to the support provided to these members, MEDREG's activity also focused on the following aspects:

- the continuous monitoring and stimulation of an integrated energy market in the Mediterranean region to strengthen national systems and infrastructure investment;
- promoting transparency in the gas market and infrastructure and set a common standard;
- the identification of appropriate auction schemes for renewable energy sources (RES);
- guiding the reduction of power-losses, strengthening energy efficiency and consumers' protection;
- the implementation of training activities to promote capacity building;
- the creation of high-level platforms for discussion;
- reinforcing the collaboration with relevant stakeholders and partners;
- communication and visibility actions.
May 2020
MEDREG's 2020 - 2022 Action Plan
MEDREG’s 2020 Action Plan presents MEDREG’s mission and objectives that focus on providing a greater compatibility of the energy markets and legislations and seeking progressive market integration in the Euro-Mediterranean region, based on secure, safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable energy systems. It also lists the deliverables planned for each working group and our active participation in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) Energy Platforms for the next three years.
May 2020
Regulatory measures to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak in the Mediterranean region
During the COVID-19 outbreak, each government took measures to ensure the safety and health of the population.Unfortunately, the virus continues to spread worldwide, and the measures were extended to suspend all activities except the necessary ones such as food supply chains and pharmacies. These measures have had direct repercussions on all energy markets of the Mediterranean region. This paper presents the measures taken by the MEDREG member countries and how each regulator and government adopted measures to keep the continuity of supply and reduce the economic impact on consumers and on market actors (namely, in the wholesale market, network operators and suppliers). The report is based on information received from 17 MEDREG members regarding the measures taken during the COVID-19 outbreak to support the energy sector and to ensure the security and quality of supply to the consumers. Given the rapidly evolving situation in each country, the information reflects those measures adopted.
January 2020
Complaint handling and dispute settlement procedures available to energy consumers
It provides the state of play of the complaint handling and dispute settlement procedures available to household customers in the energy market in the Mediterranean and Balkan regions. It shares the best practices and offers recommendations for the implementation of minimum criteria to guarantee household consumers access to justice.
January 2020
Mediterranean Electricity Markets Observatory (MEMO)
Conducted for the first time in 2007, the Mediterranean Electricity Market Observatory (MEMO) monitors the evolution of national, sub-regional and regional electricity markets, every three years.
This edition focusses on national data and regional integration. It assesses national priorities in Mediterranean countries and their potential for being a part of the integrated sub-regional and regional electricity markets.
The report highlights that there is a considerable contrast around the Mediterranean Sea, between the northern shore where infrastructures and supply have reached very high standards, and the southern and eastern shores where networks, generation and regional integration are progressing at different speeds in different areas.
In this context, regional cooperation appears to be a privileged option for mutual strengthening of national systems. Cross-border integration offers opportunities for building upon complementarities of systems and providing broader outlets to RES generation. However, challenges are important, and transmission system operators and regulators have a crucial role to play.  
December 2019
Transparency of Gas Transmission, LNG and Storage Infrastructure in Energy Community and Mediterranean Region - Compliance Monitoring
This report assesses the level of transparency in gas infrastructures – transmission pipelines, LNG facilities and storages – among the members of the Association for the Mediterranean Regulators (MEDREG) and the Energy Community Regulatory Board (ECRB). This monitoring exercise aims to achieve a minimum common transparency standard by identifying the necessary improvements and making a set of recommendations.
Although a certain level of transparency has been established among the analysed countries, improvements and further progress are required. Legislation on transparency is not yet well established among non-EU MEDREG members, which creates an impediment against the development and progression of the principle of transparency.
December 2019
Regulatory practices on handling technical and non-technical losses for electricity
This report provides a picture of power losses among MEDREG members.
It gives an overview of the situation of MEDREG members with regard to power losses, through an analysis of the factors affecting power losses.
Furthermore, this report provides recommendations on reducing power losses from the perspective of not only energy efficiency but also consumer protection, aiming to guide MEDREG members in taking doable measures, according to the economic and social situations of their respective countries. Some of them already have a plan of activities aimed at power loss minimisation, which are even marked by targets.
December 2019
Analysis of auction mechanisms to promote RES
This report seeks to analyse the renewable energy auction mechanisms applied in the Mediterranean basin and on the international level. It describes various types and aspects of renewable energy auction schemes, drawing on the actual experiences of the countries under study.
It also assesses the applicability of different auction types to renewable support under different market countries, identifying the strengths and weakness of RES-E auctions. Furthermore, it determines the auction types and design specifications that suit particular requirements and policy targets in each country under study. Additionally, through an analysis of empirical experiences and certain case studies, the most effective practices in designing auctions for renewable support are identified.
November 2019
MEDREG Constitutive Act Statutes
November 2019
"Clean Energy for all Europeans" Package: Implications and Opportunities for the Mediterranean
This briefing on the legislative package "Clean Energy for all Europeans" - CE4ALL explores various options for the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries to cooperate with European Union Member States.
The focus of cooperation options is in the area of deploying renewable energy sources, interconnections and electricity market integration.

This publication was prepared by the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI) as part of the Center for Mediterranean Integration’s Mediterranean Forum on Electricity and Climate Change.
October 2019
MEDREG informative leaflet
This brochure provides an overview of our organisation, its membership, governance, mission, areas of work, network and latest reports. It highlights our recent achievements and tries to demonstrate MEDREG’s unique position to foster Euro-Mediterranean energy market integration.
September 2019
Success story: How MEDREG Helped Algeria’s Energy Regulator to Launch its Renewable Energy Auctions Scheme
This short publication explains how MEDREG’s technical assistance contributed to support Algeria’s new strategy for renewable energy development, in the context of an auction launch for the production of 150 MW of photovoltaics (PV) in November 2018. In October 2018, MEDREG facilitated a technical workshop to CREG providing tools to design auctions, define appropriate requirements to participate in the auction and select a winner that would effectively implement the project.
September 2019
Success story: How MEDREG Assisted Israel’s Gas Regulatory Agency in Establishing a Gas Distribution Framework for Residential Use
This success story tells how the study visit of the Israeli Gas Regulator NGA, organised by MEDREG in 2018 to the Spanish and Turkish energy regulators, enabled NGA to make informed decisions about the processes required to supply gas to domestic consumers in Israel. The workshops in Madrid and in Ankara brought a lot of internal discussions, and as a result, a few very important decisions were taken such as to invest about €150M in the distribution infrastructure. MEDREG’s support exposed NGA to the mature market of Spain and the newly established and flourishing market of Turkey; the two countries representing the very few that possess a developed natural gas regulation and similar climatic conditions to those of Israel.
November 2019
MEDREG Internal Rules
June 2019
Annual Report 2018
The 2018’s edition of MEDREG’s Annual Report reflects the organisation’s reinforced strategy oriented towards its Members’ real needs. It sheds light on the personalised support that was provided in 2018 to Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Palestine, which aimed at increasing market transparency and efficiency as well as boosting the deployment of renewable energy.

Besides the support activities to member regulators, here are some of MEDREG’s 2018 main highlights:

  • the elaboration of recommendations to stimulate electricity infrastructure investments;
  • the development of guidelines on capacity allocation and the monitoring of the application of guidelines of good practices on Third Party Access to gas networks;
  • the analysis and promotion of innovative RES technologies and mechanisms concerning net metering and smart grids;
  • the design of consumer protection standards and consumer empowerment related to dispute settlement and complaint handling;
  • capacity building trainings;
  • intensified cooperation with stakeholders; and
  • sustained communication and visibility efforts.
May 2019
Booklet on “How to Stimulate Infrastructure Investments from a Regulator’s Perspective”
The booklet offers some insights and suggestions on how to stimulate infrastructure investments from a regulator’s perspective.
It is based on a report elaborated by MEDREG’s Electricity Working Group and published by MEDREG in January 2019 which assesses the level of development of power systems and identifies certain challenges and priorities for the stimulation of pertinent infrastructure investments.
February 2019
Options réglementaires pour la stimulation des investissements dans les infrastructures
Établissement des faits et examen des défis concernant les investissements dans les infrastructures
Ce rapport évalue le niveau de développement des systèmes électriques et détermine les priorités et les défis relatifs à la stimulation des investissements pertinents.
Afin de correctement stimuler l'investissement dans la région méditerranéenne, MEDREG formule les recommandations de priorités suivantes :
  • Clarifier l’architecture institutionnelle à l’échelle nationale
  • Améliorer la capacité de planification de l'investissement
  • Garantir un bon niveau de transparence et de savoir
  • S'appuyer sur les compétences des régulateurs
  • January 2019
    Guidelines of Good Practice on Third Party Access in The Mediterranean Region
    This report analyses the  application of Third Party Access (TPA) in the  countries of the Mediterranean region according to several expected actions that MEDREG countries should comply with. MEDREG categorised them in three levels of recommendations:
  • recommendations applicable to all MEDREG countries;
  • recommendations applicable to MEDREG countries  where a TPA regime is in place but further actions may be necessary; and
  • recommendations applicable to MEDREG countries with more developed gas markets.
  • Overall, MEDREG countries seem to be slowly but steadily closing their regulatory gaps in terms of TPA, albeit some difference remains, notably concerning the issuing of transparent rules and the development of anti-hoarding mechanisms.
    January 2019
    Overview on disconnection procedures due to non-payment in the Mediterranean region
    This report presents the impact that the disconnection procedures currently applied have on consumers in MEDREG countries. The collection of data helps to analyze the status of consumers’ protection in each country, facilitates the understanding of common practices carried out in the Mediterranean region and identifies potential regulatory gaps that should be tackled to enhance the role of regulators in their respective countries.
    As a result, the report represents a potential starting point for the preparation of recommendations at regional and national level in the field of disconnection practices.
    January 2019
    Guidelines of Good Practice on Capacity Allocation
    This report assesses the capacity allocation mechanisms at interconnection points in the Mediterranean region and defines Good Practice Guidelines for Capacity Allocation, focusing on the most efficient allocation mechanisms of capacity at interconnection points.
    Such mechanisms support the development of cross-border trade and can ensure an efficient use of infrastructure and a competitive gas wholesale market in the Mediterranean region.
    MEDREG’s survey investigated capacity products and capacity allocation mechanisms, congestions and their management, ways of cooperation among TSOs and the specific role of the regulator, resulting in 7 recommendations.
    January 2019
    Regulatory options for the stimulation of infrastructure investments
    Fact finding and review of challenges in investment in infrastructure
    This report assesses the level of development of power systems and to identify priorities and challenges for the stimulation of relevant investments.
    To properly stimulate investments in the Mediterranean region, MEDREG makes the following priority recommendations:
  • Clarify the institutional architecture at national level
  • Improve investment planning capacity:
  • Ensure a proper level of transparency and know-how
  • Build upon regulators’ competences
    • This website was created and maintained with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of MEDREG and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.