Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
26 July 2022
Annual Report 2021

Proposed under a digital and interactive format, this publication provides an overview of MEDREG’s activities accomplished last year to reinforce the regulatory capacity of its members and to shape a strong and convergent regulation in the Mediterranean region.

The key findings of our technical reports are highlighted, and recommendations are shared on emerging topics likely to respond to the current energy transition challenges, like digitalisation, hydrogen, e-mobility, flexibility, innovation, and security of supply, to name just a few.

The Annual Report also distils key learnings and knowledge from technical workshops, webinars, and study visits with a focus on the support provided to Algeria, Israel and Jordan to reinforce their regulatory capacity.

Finally, it lists our joint initiatives with our main partners and informs about the impact of our visibility and communication products.

18 July 2022
ICER Chronicle’s Edition 12 “Dive Into Disruption” is Out
The editorial team of the ICER Chronicle, a publication of the International Confederation of Energy Regulators, is pleased to announce the release of the Summer issue!

The complete issue is ready for you to download now!
8 June 2022
Infographic: Digitalisation of the Energy Sector from the Consumers’ Perspective

In recent years, digital technologies have gained a prominent importance in our daily lives, and consumers are becoming more demanding in terms of information and user-friendly solutions. The energy sector makes no exception to this trend and is increasingly relying on digitalisation at all its levels. Many countries have already started to use new technologies and innovative solutions to upgrade the efficiency of their energy systems by implementing smart meters and the automation in the transmission and distribution networks.

This infographic pictures the growing role of digitalisation in supporting the development of smarter energy in the Mediterranean countries and how it enables energy consumers to become active players in the energy system.

It is based on MEDREG’s Consumer Working Group’s report titled “Role of digitalisation and its impact on consumer issues” published in 2022.

April 2022
Snapshot: Energy Efficiency and E-Mobility in the Med
This document provides an overview of the existing policies related to energy efficiency and of the state of e-mobility in the Mediterranean region, presenting different strategies from MEDREG countries. A short analysis is also included as take-way points, together with a set of recommendations meant for regulators and policymakers to improve energy system efficiency and expand the development of e-mobility. It is based on the RES WG report “Energy efficiency programmes and electric mobility in Mediterranean countries”.
March 2022
Study on the interlink between good regulatory principles and the energy transformation challenge
This document presents a study on the relation between the good regulatory principles and the challenges arising with the energy transition, in the light of MEDREG’s 2020 regulatory outlook, which analyses the characteristics of each National Regulatory Authority (NRA). NRAs having similar characteristics are categorised into clusters and within them, a comparison of the state of development of the energy transformation is proposed. Furthermore, this new report identifies the coming challenges for the clusters and provides recommendations based on the lessons learned from the more developed regulators.
March 2022
Security of supply
Electricity security is vital to the effective functioning of modern societies and economies, so security of supply has always been a major driver of investments in transmission systems. Governments are increasingly concerned about the capacity of existing markets and regulatory frameworks to continue providing a reliable, affordable, and efficient supply of electricity. In that context, this report maps the security of supply in the Mediterranean region, identifies the main indicators used, and makes recommendations based on the experiences of each country to improve the security of supply of the other countries.
March 2022
Workshop report: Enabling electricity exchanges and trading in the Mediterranean
This document summarises the exchanges held in the joint MEDREG-Med-TSO workshop which took place in February 2022 on “Enabling electricity exchanges and trading in the Mediterranean”. The workshop gathered different stakeholders, including International Financial Institutions, from various backgrounds, experiences, and regions (Europe, GCC and Southern Africa) who discussed the importance of an integrated energy market.
March 2022
Analysis of gas infrastructure to improve the flexibility and interoperability of energy systems
This report analyses the potential contribution of the gas market in the energy transition by studying how the gas infrastructure can improve the flexibility and interoperability of the energy systems. The report looks at the market and infrastructure framework in the Mediterranean region, the flexibility and interoperability of the energy system, and the integration of energy to achieve decarbonisation. It also draws conclusions in the light of its outcomes.
March 2022
Energy efficiency programmes and electric mobility in Mediterranean countries
This document gives us an overview of the existing policies and strategies in the Mediterranean region related to energy efficiency. Furthermore, it demonstrates the critical role of NRAs in improving energy efficiency, which varies from country to country. In addition, it provides an overview of the state of e-mobility in the Mediterranean region, presenting different strategies illustrated by some case studies from MEDREG countries. The report ends with a set of recommendations meant for regulators and policymakers to improve energy system efficiency as a cost-effective tool for achieving decarbonisation and expand the development of e-mobility.
March 2022
Role of digitalization and its impact on consumer issues
As the energy sector is on the cusp of a new era, dominated by new technologies and the digitalisation of all its levels, many countries have already started to use new technologies and innovative solutions to upgrade the efficiency of their energy systems. This report explores the role of digitalisation and its impact on consumer in the Mediterranean region. It presents the digital channels and the availability of information for consumers; it identifies the most common digitalisation technologies such as smart technology and small-scale distributed electricity resources; and it looks at cyber security measures in the region. Finally, the report provides recommendations based on the analysis of the data collected from the members.
March 2022
Conclusion document from 1st MEDREG Hydrogen Workshop - 3 November 2021
This short document is based on MEDREG’s 1st Hydrogen Workshop held in November 2021, which gathered Mediterranean energy regulators, representatives of the industry and other institutions such as the European Commission. It addresses hydrogen technologies and their role in the energy sector, the technical development of hydrogen, its challenges, the southern shore strategy and expectations, and the hydrogen future perspectives. Finally, the document draws some conclusions and proposes a way forward on hydrogen at regional level.
March 2022
Planning of Distribution Network in Israel

This report presents the various legal and regulatory policies as well as the practical implementation of the Long-Term Distribution Network Master Plan (LT-DNMP) and/or a Distribution Network Investments Plan (LT-DNIP).
The study is particularly focused on Israel, although it offers an overview of the policies and practices in several Mediterranean countries.
It provides an overview of the overall process regarding the approval of LT-DNMP or LT-DNIP, and of their economic aspects, mainly regarding the determination of costs and the approval of LT-DNIP. It also examines the policies on incentives and penalties for investing in distribution networks throughout the Mediterranean region.
The study presents the best practices and regional developments across the Mediterranean region to facilitate the adoption of measures by the member countries.

March 2022
Technical summary: The Digitalisation of Energy Markets and the New Role of Consumers

Aimed at MEDREG members, this document presents the concept of digitalisation of energy markets on different levels and exposes the pros and cons of digitalisation. It also addresses cybersecurity and the importance of developing relevant procedures, national standards, and best practices.
Meant as a manual for regulators who are looking at enhancing their grids and services, this publication summarises the contents and knowledge shared during the MEDREG training titled “Regulatory Implications of the Digitalisation of Energy Markets and the New Role of the Consumers” by renowned experts, held in October 2021.

February 2022
Snapshot: Digitalisation of Energy Markets from the Regulators’ Perspective

This snapshot presents the implications of the digitalisation of the energy sector for regulators.
It shows the beneficial role that digitalisation plays to foster the energy transition and incorporate renewables to the energy systems. It also presents the cybersecurity risks that digitalisation implies, proposing solutions to the regulators. Finally, it pictures how infrastructure, innovation, smart grids and meters, flexibility of services, blockchain, Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence are interlinked parameters of digitalisation and enabling factors to consumer empowerment.

It is based on the MEDREG Training“Regulatory Implications of the Digitalisation of Energy Markets and the New Role of Consumers” held in October 2021.

December 2021
Digital card: Improving the Quality of Consumer Services through Regulation
This digital card proposes regulatory measures and recommendations applicable to all MEDREG energy regulators to improve the quality of consumer services. It is based on a peer review carried out by MEDREG Consumer Working Group in 2020 for our Jordanian member, informed by a variety of case studies and international good practices in terms of connection, complaint management, billing, and power interruption.
September 2021
Digital Card: Regulation as a Tool for the Integration of Renewable Energy Sources
As countries are taking measures to respond to climate change in the Euro-Mediterranean region, energy regulators have specific responsibilities to implement or oversee the promotion and integration of renewable energy sources (RES) alongside their traditional regulatory role.

Based on a recent MEDREG’s report, this digital card explains how regulation is and can be used to accelerate and increase the integration of RES and more widely accompany the decarbonisation of the energy sector.

June 2021
Annual Report 2020
This publication provides an overarching view of the activities carried out during 2020, showing how MEDREG embraced the concept of flexibility and transformation, being able to bring its activities to fruition.
Despite the difficulties brought by the Covid-19 pandemic, the efforts of all the Working Groups, members, partners, and the institutions involved allowed to make progress towards the establishment of a clear, stable and harmonized regulatory energy framework in the Mediterranean through the:
  • Stimulation of regional integration;
  • Analyze and improvement of the conditions for infrastructure investment;
  • Design of frameworks to improve and increase efficiency, competition and transparency of electricity and gas supply industries and promote renewable energy sources (RES);
  • Definition of a common approach to consumer protection principles, considering the situation of vulnerable consumers;
  • Regulatory capacity building in the region, and much more.
The 2020 Annual Report sets the intention on how MEDREG will continue to work to promote a holistic attitude, combining market liberalization with investments, environmental protection, and capacity development activities.
13 May 2021
Our Moroccan Member is in the press!

L’Economiste, the leading economic newspaper in Morocco, features the Moroccan Electricity Regulatory Authority (ANRE) over 4 pages on the Regulator’s priorities.

The Regulatory Authority, which recently became effectively operational with the nomination of the Board, has set an ambitious strategy for 2021-2025. The Regulator’s President Eng. Abdellatif Bardach, shares his priorities on the liberalisation of the electricity market, the unbundling of ONEE, the access to the transport network, as well as on tariffs, self-consumption and hydrogen.

30 March 2021
The competences of Mediterranean energy regulators and their role in the market
Our Digital Card aims to highlight the approach, main findings and recommendations described in the INS WG Report “Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook.” The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an update on the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin in 2020. It aims to provide a useful insight to Mediterranean regulators regarding the role and tasks of their fellow regulators in neighbouring countries so that they can improve their approaches and practices. It also introduces consolidated and updated information to stakeholders and potential investors regarding the role of regulators in new investments.
March 2021
Regional Integration: Sub-Regional Regulatory Convergence
This report assesses the current status of electricity market integration at the sub-regional level in the North African and Eastern Mediterranean sub-regions. The report addresses the role of National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) in supporting regulatory convergence in the two sub-regional clusters, and analyses the drivers for sub-regional integration in the long term, including a reference to the integration potentialities between the sub-regional power markets and the level of investment in infrastructure required in such process. It also explains how potential areas of regulatory convergence could be developed to be used as leverage in advancing the process of integration and interoperability of the systems.
March 2021
System Operator data information schemes for monitoring and planning purposes
The ELE WG report defines and studies the application of new monitoring and data collection activities to ensure access on a transparent and non-discriminatory basis to any market player in the sector. Through the recommendations, it is addressed how EgyptERA should separate the activities potentially subject to competition (such as production and supply of energy) from those where competition is not possible or allowed (such as transmission and distribution). EgyptERA will implement the entire set of market and System Operator monitoring activities from scratch and will introduce an effective process to streamline the information that will be required by the relevant operators. This process will be defined in terms of minimum complexity and according to the gradual approach.
March 2021
Least-cost distribution tariff-design in theory and implementation in the Palestinian Electricity System
The study evaluates infrastructure investment planning, as well as the identification of the main technical requirements for investment in infrastructure through the definition of guidelines and standard methodologies. It sets forth the analysis of the electricity system of the Palestinian territories and assesses the possible structure of a novel multi-part tariff structure that accounts for these costs under the new dynamics in place in the Palestinian electricity system. The report also builds on the case-study performed by the WB report “Securing Energy for Development in West Bank and Gaza” (2017) and includes more recent data provided by the PERC to evaluate the impact of a possible capacity component in the tariff structure.
March 2021
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook
The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an analysis of the trajectory of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin during the past years. The report also compares the results with the 2016 version of the Outlook. In this way, it highlights the recommendations and good practices that can be followed by the countries in the region. The main aspects where there have been improvements are in the areas of Independence, Marketing Opening and Monitoring, Unbundling, Consumer Protection and Energy Transition. In order to provide an adequate general perspective, the document also analyses the way national energy sectors, including independent entities as well as governmental bodies, manage the regulation of the sector. In this sense, MEDREG will continue to support its members on the path towards a compatible, transparent and versatile regulatory framework designed to address the new era, always aiming towards realising a future energy community of the Mediterranean.
2 March 2021
MEDREG Experts Exchange for LCEC
Energy regulators play a pivotal role in RES deployment and an increasing number of Mediterranean countries have adopted renewable energy auctions. In 2019, MEDREG carried out a report on "Transparency and accountability in renewable energy auctions" with the objective of identifying auctions’ predominant features while assessing their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, and formulating recommendations on how to improve all of them. The Lebanese Centre for Energy Conservation (LCEC) is planning to further improve its capacity for developing renewable energy auctions and has requested the assistance of MEDREG. This handbook is based on a webinar organised by MEDREG to this extent, which presented the best practices related to transparency and accountability rules and auction procedures, showing methods from different countries with good results in achieving price reduction.The document examined the Lebanese auction process in each of its stages focusing on how it could be innovated to apply it to the Lebanese context.
2 March 2021
MEDREG Study Visit for GASREG to CRE
MEDREG has provided continuous support to the Egyptian Gas Regulatory Authority (GASREG) through the peer-to-peer sharing of experience and good practices. As part of these support activities, in July 2020, MEDREG organized a virtual study visit for GASREG to the French regulator CRE on the “Development and Implementation of TPA rules and activities for the gas sector.” The activity addressed the regulators’ role in the Regulation of TPA to gas infrastructure, the impact of TPA on capacity allocation mechanisms and congestion management procedures, balancing rules and flexibility, grid ownership models and unbundling regimes and the investment plan. The webinar was the occasion to outline the priorities for GASREG, including fostering a transparent and competitive gas market in Egypt.
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