Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
24 February 2021
Treatment of vulnerable consumers in Mediterranean countries
This report presents the situation of vulnerable consumers among MEDREG members, providing an overview of the situation across MEDREG members states as it regards the treatment of vulnerable consumers. The state of play has been presented through an analysis of the types of support and models applied for the protection of vulnerable consumers, which includes understanding and definition of vulnerable consumers, specific support schemes from energy and/or social welfare system, types of support and coverage of costs as well as examples of best practices. The analysis of the situation is based on the contribution provided by MEDREG members through filled questionnaires. Recommendations aiming to improve the situation of vulnerable consumers and their protection are provided, with the objective of guiding MEDREG members on taking feasible, sustainable and adequately responsive measures, according to the economic and social situation of their country.
24 February 2021
Peer review for the Jordanian regulator EMRC: Improving the quality of consumer services
In the latest years, MEDREG developed a framework to support regulatory reforms in its countries of operation and assist its members towards attaining the required level of development in their energy regulatory frameworks. In this context, the Action Plan for the Consumer Working Group foresaw an opportunity to carry out a peer review assessment for the Jordanian energy regulator EMRC, focusing on the current status of the consumers’ quality of services and the regulatory and legislative acts in place in Jordan. As a first step, the MEDREG Secretariat in coordination with EMRC has defined the expected content and outcomes of the peer review exercise. This report considers the applicability to not only Jordan – which is the principal focus of this study – but also the wider MEDREG region countries.
19 February 2021
New Available Regulatory Options for Integration of RES
This report aims to call attention to the evolution of the power system. It starts with the recent development of renewables (RES) and changes in support policies. It builds upon the 2019 MEDREG report “Analysis of auction mechanisms to promote RES” and presents the changes in the current policies in the MEDREG countries after analysing responses to a second questionnaire from its members. Different types of self-consumption models are explained along with the presentation of case studies from MEDREG countries. Recent changes, along with disruptive innovations such as blockchain and Internet of Things (IoT), are demonstrated. Barriers for regulators to integrate RES in the power system are illustrated with the respective remedies. The report also provides a set of recommendations for regulators and policymakers to prepare them for the new power system era.
19 February 2021
Design mechanism for gas market to foster energy transition
This report aims to present an overview of the current gas market situation and its role in the energy transition in the Mediterranean region, with a particular focus on the role of the regulator. This report also includes an analysis of the mechanism available for the gas market to foster the energy transition and the applicability of this mechanism in MEDREG countries.
1 December 2020
Le fonctionnement des marchés de détail français de l’électricité et du gaz naturel - Rapport 2018-2019 (CRE)
Le rapport s’articule autour de la place et des attentes des consommateurs que la CRE place au centre du fonctionnement du marché de détail. Il vise à apporter une information claire et pédagogique sur le fonctionnement et les enjeux de ce marché. Le rapport est structuré autour des catégories de clients résidentiels et professionnels. L’objectif principal de l’ouverture des marchés de détail à la concurrence est d’apporter au consommateur un meilleur service de fourniture d’électricité et de gaz, qu’il s’agisse du prix, de la qualité de service, ou d’innovations commerciales ou techniques. Dans ce contexte, le développement des offres de marché est un indicateur essentiel, car il traduit le caractère dynamique et innovant du marché, à un moment où les attentes des consommateurs évoluent, encouragées notamment par la transition énergétique et le développement du numérique.
1 December 2020
Electricity and gas interconnections 2020 - Report published by CRE
A decade after the adoption of the third legislative package, this new edition of the CRE report on interconnections, covering the years 2018 and 2019, marks the coming of age of the internal market, but also the opening towards a new era, that of the decarbonisation of energy in Europe. The European Union’s stated ambitions represent a remarkable change of direction and bring with them many challenges. However, one certainty remains: the interconnections between national energy systems are an essential asset for the transition to more renewable energies and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions at European level.
November 2020
Empowering Mediterranean Regulators for a common energy future
The infographic provides a comprehensive overview of MEDREG’s concrete achievements during the period 2018-2020, detailing the milestones reached and showing how MEDREG upscaled the scope and reach of its activity. The document also provides an outlook on the support provided to some of the countries involved in the project and shows Working Groups’ activity outreach.
November 2020
MEDREG’s 2021-2022 Action Plan
MEDREG’s 2021-2022 Action Plan presents MEDREG’s deliverables and technical support to the members that focus on improving the regional and subregional cooperation in the Euro-Mediterranean region by providing a greater compatibility of the energy markets and legislations and seeking progressive market integration, based on secure, safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable energy systems. It also lists the tailor made trainings and activities planned for each working group and our active participation in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) Energy Platforms for the next two years.
4 September 2020
Renewable Energy in Palestine
The article provides an overview of the electricity market in Palestine and of the role of the regulator in strengthening competition, and preventing the forging of monopolies by working as a key player to stimulate investment in renewable energy. An insight is also provided on policies currently in place to increase investments, which include special tariffs, net metering and the construction of energy substations through direct offers or competitive bids, while highlighting the main challenges related to the implementation of these policies.

Author: Hamdi Refat S. Tahboub, CEO of the Palestinian Electricity Regulatory Council (PERC) and co-chair of MEDREG Electricity Working Group
Published on "This Week in Palestine", Issue n°269, September 2020
July 2020
Overview of Unbundling regimes - the Portuguese case
"Overview of unbundling regimes and organizational models of the transmission and distribution networks in the power market and the Portuguese case"
Author: Mr. José Francisco Veiga, Legal Department at the Portuguese Energy Services Regulatory Authority (ERSE)
This paper was created as a supporting reading material for the training that MEDREG organized in June 2020 on “Unbundling and Third-Party Access in gas and electricity markets: economic principles, design and effective implementation”. MEDREG wishes to thank Mr. José Francisco Veiga for preparing this report to the benefit of the whole MEDREG community.
June 2020
Annual Report 2019
2019's edition of MEDREG Annual Report reaffirms MEDREG's strategy to offer support tailored to the needs of its Members. This approach allows the provision of concrete solutions in tackling actual issues that member regulators face daily. During last year, MEDREG continued to provide support to Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Palestine to reinforce energy cooperation, market monitoring and fair competition, improving energy sustainability and access to renewable energy sources.

In addition to the support provided to these members, MEDREG's activity also focused on the following aspects:

- the continuous monitoring and stimulation of an integrated energy market in the Mediterranean region to strengthen national systems and infrastructure investment;
- promoting transparency in the gas market and infrastructure and set a common standard;
- the identification of appropriate auction schemes for renewable energy sources (RES);
- guiding the reduction of power-losses, strengthening energy efficiency and consumers' protection;
- the implementation of training activities to promote capacity building;
- the creation of high-level platforms for discussion;
- reinforcing the collaboration with relevant stakeholders and partners;
- communication and visibility actions.
May 2020
MEDREG's 2020 - 2022 Action Plan
MEDREG’s 2020 Action Plan presents MEDREG’s mission and objectives that focus on providing a greater compatibility of the energy markets and legislations and seeking progressive market integration in the Euro-Mediterranean region, based on secure, safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable energy systems. It also lists the deliverables planned for each working group and our active participation in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) Energy Platforms for the next three years.
May 2020
Regulatory measures to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak in the Mediterranean region
During the COVID-19 outbreak, each government took measures to ensure the safety and health of the population.Unfortunately, the virus continues to spread worldwide, and the measures were extended to suspend all activities except the necessary ones such as food supply chains and pharmacies. These measures have had direct repercussions on all energy markets of the Mediterranean region. This paper presents the measures taken by the MEDREG member countries and how each regulator and government adopted measures to keep the continuity of supply and reduce the economic impact on consumers and on market actors (namely, in the wholesale market, network operators and suppliers). The report is based on information received from 17 MEDREG members regarding the measures taken during the COVID-19 outbreak to support the energy sector and to ensure the security and quality of supply to the consumers. Given the rapidly evolving situation in each country, the information reflects those measures adopted.
January 2020
Complaint handling and dispute settlement procedures available to energy consumers
It provides the state of play of the complaint handling and dispute settlement procedures available to household customers in the energy market in the Mediterranean and Balkan regions. It shares the best practices and offers recommendations for the implementation of minimum criteria to guarantee household consumers access to justice.
January 2020
Mediterranean Electricity Markets Observatory (MEMO)
Conducted for the first time in 2007, the Mediterranean Electricity Market Observatory (MEMO) monitors the evolution of national, sub-regional and regional electricity markets, every three years.
This edition focusses on national data and regional integration. It assesses national priorities in Mediterranean countries and their potential for being a part of the integrated sub-regional and regional electricity markets.
The report highlights that there is a considerable contrast around the Mediterranean Sea, between the northern shore where infrastructures and supply have reached very high standards, and the southern and eastern shores where networks, generation and regional integration are progressing at different speeds in different areas.
In this context, regional cooperation appears to be a privileged option for mutual strengthening of national systems. Cross-border integration offers opportunities for building upon complementarities of systems and providing broader outlets to RES generation. However, challenges are important, and transmission system operators and regulators have a crucial role to play.  
December 2019
Transparency of Gas Transmission, LNG and Storage Infrastructure in Energy Community and Mediterranean Region - Compliance Monitoring
This report assesses the level of transparency in gas infrastructures – transmission pipelines, LNG facilities and storages – among the members of the Association for the Mediterranean Regulators (MEDREG) and the Energy Community Regulatory Board (ECRB). This monitoring exercise aims to achieve a minimum common transparency standard by identifying the necessary improvements and making a set of recommendations.
Although a certain level of transparency has been established among the analysed countries, improvements and further progress are required. Legislation on transparency is not yet well established among non-EU MEDREG members, which creates an impediment against the development and progression of the principle of transparency.
December 2019
Regulatory practices on handling technical and non-technical losses for electricity
This report provides a picture of power losses among MEDREG members.
It gives an overview of the situation of MEDREG members with regard to power losses, through an analysis of the factors affecting power losses.
Furthermore, this report provides recommendations on reducing power losses from the perspective of not only energy efficiency but also consumer protection, aiming to guide MEDREG members in taking doable measures, according to the economic and social situations of their respective countries. Some of them already have a plan of activities aimed at power loss minimisation, which are even marked by targets.
December 2019
Analysis of auction mechanisms to promote RES
This report seeks to analyse the renewable energy auction mechanisms applied in the Mediterranean basin and on the international level. It describes various types and aspects of renewable energy auction schemes, drawing on the actual experiences of the countries under study.
It also assesses the applicability of different auction types to renewable support under different market countries, identifying the strengths and weakness of RES-E auctions. Furthermore, it determines the auction types and design specifications that suit particular requirements and policy targets in each country under study. Additionally, through an analysis of empirical experiences and certain case studies, the most effective practices in designing auctions for renewable support are identified.
November 2019
MEDREG Constitutive Act Statutes
November 2019
"Clean Energy for all Europeans" Package: Implications and Opportunities for the Mediterranean
This briefing on the legislative package "Clean Energy for all Europeans" - CE4ALL explores various options for the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries to cooperate with European Union Member States.
The focus of cooperation options is in the area of deploying renewable energy sources, interconnections and electricity market integration.

This publication was prepared by the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI) as part of the Center for Mediterranean Integration’s Mediterranean Forum on Electricity and Climate Change.
October 2019
MEDREG informative leaflet
This brochure provides an overview of our organisation, its membership, governance, mission, areas of work, network and latest reports. It highlights our recent achievements and tries to demonstrate MEDREG’s unique position to foster Euro-Mediterranean energy market integration.
September 2019
Success story: How MEDREG Helped Algeria’s Energy Regulator to Launch its Renewable Energy Auctions Scheme
This short publication explains how MEDREG’s technical assistance contributed to support Algeria’s new strategy for renewable energy development, in the context of an auction launch for the production of 150 MW of photovoltaics (PV) in November 2018. In October 2018, MEDREG facilitated a technical workshop to CREG providing tools to design auctions, define appropriate requirements to participate in the auction and select a winner that would effectively implement the project.
September 2019
Success story: How MEDREG Assisted Israel’s Gas Regulatory Agency in Establishing a Gas Distribution Framework for Residential Use
This success story tells how the study visit of the Israeli Gas Regulator NGA, organised by MEDREG in 2018 to the Spanish and Turkish energy regulators, enabled NGA to make informed decisions about the processes required to supply gas to domestic consumers in Israel. The workshops in Madrid and in Ankara brought a lot of internal discussions, and as a result, a few very important decisions were taken such as to invest about €150M in the distribution infrastructure. MEDREG’s support exposed NGA to the mature market of Spain and the newly established and flourishing market of Turkey; the two countries representing the very few that possess a developed natural gas regulation and similar climatic conditions to those of Israel.
November 2019
MEDREG Internal Rules
June 2019
Annual Report 2018
The 2018’s edition of MEDREG’s Annual Report reflects the organisation’s reinforced strategy oriented towards its Members’ real needs. It sheds light on the personalised support that was provided in 2018 to Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Palestine, which aimed at increasing market transparency and efficiency as well as boosting the deployment of renewable energy.

Besides the support activities to member regulators, here are some of MEDREG’s 2018 main highlights:

  • the elaboration of recommendations to stimulate electricity infrastructure investments;
  • the development of guidelines on capacity allocation and the monitoring of the application of guidelines of good practices on Third Party Access to gas networks;
  • the analysis and promotion of innovative RES technologies and mechanisms concerning net metering and smart grids;
  • the design of consumer protection standards and consumer empowerment related to dispute settlement and complaint handling;
  • capacity building trainings;
  • intensified cooperation with stakeholders; and
  • sustained communication and visibility efforts.
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