Our technical reports and pedagogical leaflets promote best practices and set recommendations to foster a common regulatory culture.
September 2021
Digital Card: Regulation as a Tool for the Integration of Renewable Energy Sources
As countries are taking measures to respond to climate change in the Euro-Mediterranean region, energy regulators have specific responsibilities to implement or oversee the promotion and integration of renewable energy sources (RES) alongside their traditional regulatory role.

Based on a recent MEDREG’s report, this digital card explains how regulation is and can be used to accelerate and increase the integration of RES and more widely accompany the decarbonisation of the energy sector.

June 2021
Annual Report 2020
This publication provides an overarching view of the activities carried out during 2020, showing how MEDREG embraced the concept of flexibility and transformation, being able to bring its activities to fruition.
Despite the difficulties brought by the Covid-19 pandemic, the efforts of all the Working Groups, members, partners, and the institutions involved allowed to make progress towards the establishment of a clear, stable and harmonized regulatory energy framework in the Mediterranean through the:
  • Stimulation of regional integration;
  • Analyze and improvement of the conditions for infrastructure investment;
  • Design of frameworks to improve and increase efficiency, competition and transparency of electricity and gas supply industries and promote renewable energy sources (RES);
  • Definition of a common approach to consumer protection principles, considering the situation of vulnerable consumers;
  • Regulatory capacity building in the region, and much more.
The 2020 Annual Report sets the intention on how MEDREG will continue to work to promote a holistic attitude, combining market liberalization with investments, environmental protection, and capacity development activities.
13 May 2021
Our Moroccan Member is in the press!

L’Economiste, the leading economic newspaper in Morocco, features the Moroccan Electricity Regulatory Authority (ANRE) over 4 pages on the Regulator’s priorities.

The Regulatory Authority, which recently became effectively operational with the nomination of the Board, has set an ambitious strategy for 2021-2025. The Regulator’s President Eng. Abdellatif Bardach, shares his priorities on the liberalisation of the electricity market, the unbundling of ONEE, the access to the transport network, as well as on tariffs, self-consumption and hydrogen.

30 March 2021
The competences of Mediterranean energy regulators and their role in the market
Our Digital Card aims to highlight the approach, main findings and recommendations described in the INS WG Report “Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook.” The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an update on the status of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin in 2020. It aims to provide a useful insight to Mediterranean regulators regarding the role and tasks of their fellow regulators in neighbouring countries so that they can improve their approaches and practices. It also introduces consolidated and updated information to stakeholders and potential investors regarding the role of regulators in new investments.
March 2021
Regional Integration: Sub-Regional Regulatory Convergence
This report assesses the current status of electricity market integration at the sub-regional level in the North African and Eastern Mediterranean sub-regions. The report addresses the role of National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) in supporting regulatory convergence in the two sub-regional clusters, and analyses the drivers for sub-regional integration in the long term, including a reference to the integration potentialities between the sub-regional power markets and the level of investment in infrastructure required in such process. It also explains how potential areas of regulatory convergence could be developed to be used as leverage in advancing the process of integration and interoperability of the systems.
March 2021
System Operator data information schemes for monitoring and planning purposes
The ELE WG report defines and studies the application of new monitoring and data collection activities to ensure access on a transparent and non-discriminatory basis to any market player in the sector. Through the recommendations, it is addressed how EgyptERA should separate the activities potentially subject to competition (such as production and supply of energy) from those where competition is not possible or allowed (such as transmission and distribution). EgyptERA will implement the entire set of market and System Operator monitoring activities from scratch and will introduce an effective process to streamline the information that will be required by the relevant operators. This process will be defined in terms of minimum complexity and according to the gradual approach.
March 2021
Least-cost distribution tariff-design in theory and implementation in the Palestinian Electricity System
The study evaluates infrastructure investment planning, as well as the identification of the main technical requirements for investment in infrastructure through the definition of guidelines and standard methodologies. It sets forth the analysis of the electricity system of the Palestinian territories and assesses the possible structure of a novel multi-part tariff structure that accounts for these costs under the new dynamics in place in the Palestinian electricity system. The report also builds on the case-study performed by the WB report “Securing Energy for Development in West Bank and Gaza” (2017) and includes more recent data provided by the PERC to evaluate the impact of a possible capacity component in the tariff structure.
March 2021
Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook
The Mediterranean Energy Regulatory Outlook presents an analysis of the trajectory of energy regulation in the Mediterranean Basin during the past years. The report also compares the results with the 2016 version of the Outlook. In this way, it highlights the recommendations and good practices that can be followed by the countries in the region. The main aspects where there have been improvements are in the areas of Independence, Marketing Opening and Monitoring, Unbundling, Consumer Protection and Energy Transition. In order to provide an adequate general perspective, the document also analyses the way national energy sectors, including independent entities as well as governmental bodies, manage the regulation of the sector. In this sense, MEDREG will continue to support its members on the path towards a compatible, transparent and versatile regulatory framework designed to address the new era, always aiming towards realising a future energy community of the Mediterranean.
2 March 2021
MEDREG Experts Exchange for LCEC
Energy regulators play a pivotal role in RES deployment and an increasing number of Mediterranean countries have adopted renewable energy auctions. In 2019, MEDREG carried out a report on "Transparency and accountability in renewable energy auctions" with the objective of identifying auctions’ predominant features while assessing their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, and formulating recommendations on how to improve all of them. The Lebanese Centre for Energy Conservation (LCEC) is planning to further improve its capacity for developing renewable energy auctions and has requested the assistance of MEDREG. This handbook is based on a webinar organised by MEDREG to this extent, which presented the best practices related to transparency and accountability rules and auction procedures, showing methods from different countries with good results in achieving price reduction.The document examined the Lebanese auction process in each of its stages focusing on how it could be innovated to apply it to the Lebanese context.
2 March 2021
MEDREG Study Visit for GASREG to CRE
MEDREG has provided continuous support to the Egyptian Gas Regulatory Authority (GASREG) through the peer-to-peer sharing of experience and good practices. As part of these support activities, in July 2020, MEDREG organized a virtual study visit for GASREG to the French regulator CRE on the “Development and Implementation of TPA rules and activities for the gas sector.” The activity addressed the regulators’ role in the Regulation of TPA to gas infrastructure, the impact of TPA on capacity allocation mechanisms and congestion management procedures, balancing rules and flexibility, grid ownership models and unbundling regimes and the investment plan. The webinar was the occasion to outline the priorities for GASREG, including fostering a transparent and competitive gas market in Egypt.
24 February 2021
Treatment of vulnerable consumers in Mediterranean countries
This report presents the situation of vulnerable consumers among MEDREG members, providing an overview of the situation across MEDREG members states as it regards the treatment of vulnerable consumers. The state of play has been presented through an analysis of the types of support and models applied for the protection of vulnerable consumers, which includes understanding and definition of vulnerable consumers, specific support schemes from energy and/or social welfare system, types of support and coverage of costs as well as examples of best practices. The analysis of the situation is based on the contribution provided by MEDREG members through filled questionnaires. Recommendations aiming to improve the situation of vulnerable consumers and their protection are provided, with the objective of guiding MEDREG members on taking feasible, sustainable and adequately responsive measures, according to the economic and social situation of their country.
24 February 2021
Peer review for the Jordanian regulator EMRC: Improving the quality of consumer services
In the latest years, MEDREG developed a framework to support regulatory reforms in its countries of operation and assist its members towards attaining the required level of development in their energy regulatory frameworks. In this context, the Action Plan for the Consumer Working Group foresaw an opportunity to carry out a peer review assessment for the Jordanian energy regulator EMRC, focusing on the current status of the consumers’ quality of services and the regulatory and legislative acts in place in Jordan. As a first step, the MEDREG Secretariat in coordination with EMRC has defined the expected content and outcomes of the peer review exercise. This report considers the applicability to not only Jordan – which is the principal focus of this study – but also the wider MEDREG region countries.
19 February 2021
New Available Regulatory Options for Integration of RES
This report aims to call attention to the evolution of the power system. It starts with the recent development of renewables (RES) and changes in support policies. It builds upon the 2019 MEDREG report “Analysis of auction mechanisms to promote RES” and presents the changes in the current policies in the MEDREG countries after analysing responses to a second questionnaire from its members. Different types of self-consumption models are explained along with the presentation of case studies from MEDREG countries. Recent changes, along with disruptive innovations such as blockchain and Internet of Things (IoT), are demonstrated. Barriers for regulators to integrate RES in the power system are illustrated with the respective remedies. The report also provides a set of recommendations for regulators and policymakers to prepare them for the new power system era.
19 February 2021
Design mechanism for gas market to foster energy transition
This report aims to present an overview of the current gas market situation and its role in the energy transition in the Mediterranean region, with a particular focus on the role of the regulator. This report also includes an analysis of the mechanism available for the gas market to foster the energy transition and the applicability of this mechanism in MEDREG countries.
1 December 2020
Le fonctionnement des marchés de détail français de l’électricité et du gaz naturel - Rapport 2018-2019 (CRE)
Le rapport s’articule autour de la place et des attentes des consommateurs que la CRE place au centre du fonctionnement du marché de détail. Il vise à apporter une information claire et pédagogique sur le fonctionnement et les enjeux de ce marché. Le rapport est structuré autour des catégories de clients résidentiels et professionnels. L’objectif principal de l’ouverture des marchés de détail à la concurrence est d’apporter au consommateur un meilleur service de fourniture d’électricité et de gaz, qu’il s’agisse du prix, de la qualité de service, ou d’innovations commerciales ou techniques. Dans ce contexte, le développement des offres de marché est un indicateur essentiel, car il traduit le caractère dynamique et innovant du marché, à un moment où les attentes des consommateurs évoluent, encouragées notamment par la transition énergétique et le développement du numérique.
1 December 2020
Electricity and gas interconnections 2020 - Report published by CRE
A decade after the adoption of the third legislative package, this new edition of the CRE report on interconnections, covering the years 2018 and 2019, marks the coming of age of the internal market, but also the opening towards a new era, that of the decarbonisation of energy in Europe. The European Union’s stated ambitions represent a remarkable change of direction and bring with them many challenges. However, one certainty remains: the interconnections between national energy systems are an essential asset for the transition to more renewable energies and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions at European level.
November 2020
Empowering Mediterranean Regulators for a common energy future
The infographic provides a comprehensive overview of MEDREG’s concrete achievements during the period 2018-2020, detailing the milestones reached and showing how MEDREG upscaled the scope and reach of its activity. The document also provides an outlook on the support provided to some of the countries involved in the project and shows Working Groups’ activity outreach.
November 2020
MEDREG’s 2021-2022 Action Plan
MEDREG’s 2021-2022 Action Plan presents MEDREG’s deliverables and technical support to the members that focus on improving the regional and subregional cooperation in the Euro-Mediterranean region by providing a greater compatibility of the energy markets and legislations and seeking progressive market integration, based on secure, safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable energy systems. It also lists the tailor made trainings and activities planned for each working group and our active participation in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) Energy Platforms for the next two years.
4 September 2020
Renewable Energy in Palestine
The article provides an overview of the electricity market in Palestine and of the role of the regulator in strengthening competition, and preventing the forging of monopolies by working as a key player to stimulate investment in renewable energy. An insight is also provided on policies currently in place to increase investments, which include special tariffs, net metering and the construction of energy substations through direct offers or competitive bids, while highlighting the main challenges related to the implementation of these policies.

Author: Hamdi Refat S. Tahboub, CEO of the Palestinian Electricity Regulatory Council (PERC) and co-chair of MEDREG Electricity Working Group
Published on "This Week in Palestine", Issue n°269, September 2020
July 2020
Overview of Unbundling regimes - the Portuguese case
"Overview of unbundling regimes and organizational models of the transmission and distribution networks in the power market and the Portuguese case"
Author: Mr. José Francisco Veiga, Legal Department at the Portuguese Energy Services Regulatory Authority (ERSE)
This paper was created as a supporting reading material for the training that MEDREG organized in June 2020 on “Unbundling and Third-Party Access in gas and electricity markets: economic principles, design and effective implementation”. MEDREG wishes to thank Mr. José Francisco Veiga for preparing this report to the benefit of the whole MEDREG community.
June 2020
Annual Report 2019
2019's edition of MEDREG Annual Report reaffirms MEDREG's strategy to offer support tailored to the needs of its Members. This approach allows the provision of concrete solutions in tackling actual issues that member regulators face daily. During last year, MEDREG continued to provide support to Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Palestine to reinforce energy cooperation, market monitoring and fair competition, improving energy sustainability and access to renewable energy sources.

In addition to the support provided to these members, MEDREG's activity also focused on the following aspects:

- the continuous monitoring and stimulation of an integrated energy market in the Mediterranean region to strengthen national systems and infrastructure investment;
- promoting transparency in the gas market and infrastructure and set a common standard;
- the identification of appropriate auction schemes for renewable energy sources (RES);
- guiding the reduction of power-losses, strengthening energy efficiency and consumers' protection;
- the implementation of training activities to promote capacity building;
- the creation of high-level platforms for discussion;
- reinforcing the collaboration with relevant stakeholders and partners;
- communication and visibility actions.
May 2020
MEDREG's 2020 - 2022 Action Plan
MEDREG’s 2020 Action Plan presents MEDREG’s mission and objectives that focus on providing a greater compatibility of the energy markets and legislations and seeking progressive market integration in the Euro-Mediterranean region, based on secure, safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable energy systems. It also lists the deliverables planned for each working group and our active participation in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) Energy Platforms for the next three years.
May 2020
Regulatory measures to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak in the Mediterranean region
During the COVID-19 outbreak, each government took measures to ensure the safety and health of the population.Unfortunately, the virus continues to spread worldwide, and the measures were extended to suspend all activities except the necessary ones such as food supply chains and pharmacies. These measures have had direct repercussions on all energy markets of the Mediterranean region. This paper presents the measures taken by the MEDREG member countries and how each regulator and government adopted measures to keep the continuity of supply and reduce the economic impact on consumers and on market actors (namely, in the wholesale market, network operators and suppliers). The report is based on information received from 17 MEDREG members regarding the measures taken during the COVID-19 outbreak to support the energy sector and to ensure the security and quality of supply to the consumers. Given the rapidly evolving situation in each country, the information reflects those measures adopted.
January 2020
Complaint handling and dispute settlement procedures available to energy consumers
It provides the state of play of the complaint handling and dispute settlement procedures available to household customers in the energy market in the Mediterranean and Balkan regions. It shares the best practices and offers recommendations for the implementation of minimum criteria to guarantee household consumers access to justice.
January 2020
Mediterranean Electricity Markets Observatory (MEMO)
Conducted for the first time in 2007, the Mediterranean Electricity Market Observatory (MEMO) monitors the evolution of national, sub-regional and regional electricity markets, every three years.
This edition focusses on national data and regional integration. It assesses national priorities in Mediterranean countries and their potential for being a part of the integrated sub-regional and regional electricity markets.
The report highlights that there is a considerable contrast around the Mediterranean Sea, between the northern shore where infrastructures and supply have reached very high standards, and the southern and eastern shores where networks, generation and regional integration are progressing at different speeds in different areas.
In this context, regional cooperation appears to be a privileged option for mutual strengthening of national systems. Cross-border integration offers opportunities for building upon complementarities of systems and providing broader outlets to RES generation. However, challenges are important, and transmission system operators and regulators have a crucial role to play.  
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